Our vision is based on inclusion and equity, ensuring action for all countries and realizing that it is the least developed countries and small island developing states that are most affected by the climate impact and most in need of support to adapt. The Paris Agreement provides a sustainable framework that guides global efforts for decades to come. The aim is to increase countries` climate ambitions over time. To achieve this, the agreement provides for two review processes, each in a five-year cycle. From 30 November to 11 December, governments will meet in Paris for the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) to agree on a new global agreement on climate change. COP 21 or the Paris Climate Conference have resulted in a new international climate agreement that applies to all countries and aims to keep global warming below 2 degrees Celsius, in line with the recommendations of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). To combat climate change and its negative effects, 197 countries adopted the Paris Agreement at COP21 on 12 December 2015 in Paris. The agreement, which came into force less than a year later, aims to significantly reduce global greenhouse gas emissions and limit global temperature rise to 2 degrees Celsius this century, while continuing to limit the rise to 1.5 degrees. The contributions were published when they were published on the website of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). On 22 November 2015, a week before the conference, 170 countries, representing more than 90% of emissions, had already published their national contributions to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Each contribution was to include quantifiable elements, the reference year, the implementation schedule and methods for quantifying greenhouse gas emissions. The Paris Agreement marks the beginning of a shift towards a low-carbon world – much remains to be done. Implementation of the agreement is essential to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, as it contains a roadmap to combat climate change to reduce emissions and build resilience to climate change. In anticipation of the awarding of the 2015 Ecuador Prize, more than 1,400 nominated organizations were invited to convey their message to world leaders on the impact of climate change on their communities. Ahead of COP21, UNDP has helped countries develop and finalize their climate goals and policies (nationally defined contributions or NDCs). These INDCs are an essential part of the COP21 process and aim to ensure that each country has identified its own context-appropriate objectives and measures.