Trade And Investment Agreements Implications For Health Protection

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    Regional Trade and Investment Agreements (RTA) are increasingly being used to promote international integration and economic growth. This has taken on particular importance, as world trade has slowed down in the wake of the 2008 global financial crisis: in 1990, there were 22 bilateral and regional RTRs, which rose to more than 270 in 2016, as shown in Figure 1 [1, 2]. Two major ATRs are at the heart of the latest negotiations: the Trans-Pacific Partnership between the United States and 11 Pacific countries, signed in February 2016; and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership between the United States and the European Union (EU) signed in October 2016 [3]. These ATRs aim both to facilitate trade and to remove barriers to investment. B, for example, by creating investor protection and allowing private companies to participate in public procurement [4]. The current framework conditions of international law governing trade and economic development need to be radically changed in terms of contractual processes, content and contexts in order to better achieve public health objectives. Stuckler D, McKee M, Ebrahim S, Basu S. Production Epidemic: The role of global producers in the growing consumption of unhealthy raw materials, including processed foods, alcohol and tobacco. Med PloS.

    2012;9 (6):10. Mann H, von Moltke K, Peterson L, et al. IISD Model of International Agreements on Investments in Sustainable Development. Winnepeg: International Institute for Sustainable Development, 2005. Called November 17, 2016. www.iisd.org/pdf/2005/investment_model_int_agreement.pdf Evans M, Sinclair RC, Fusimalohi C, Liava`a V. Globalization, Nutrition and Health: an example of Tonga. Bull World`s health care system. 2001;79 (9):856-62. Tienhaara K.

    The regulatory cold and the threat of arbitration: a political science perspective. In: Brown C, Miles K, editor. Changes in investment contract and arbitration law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; Sharif S, Javed MS, Abbas A, Hassan S. Effects of WTO trade liberalization on certain food crops in Pakistan. Pak Dev Rev. 2008;47 (4):547-60. Friel S, Hattersley L, Snowdon W, et al. Monitoring the impact of trade agreements on the food environment. Rev Obes. 2013;14 (S1):120-34. Ensure greater capacity for engagement in the years of health, the environment and human rights in the development of the TIA; Thow AM, McGrady B.

    Protecting the food policy space in public health at the time of international investment agreements. Bull World`s health care system. 2014;92 (2):139-45. doi.org/10.2471/BLT.13.120543.

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