The Shimla Agreement was signed on 2 July 1972 by Indira Gandhi, then Prime Minister of India, and by Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto after the 1971 India-Pakistan War, which liberated East Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh. The Shimla Agreement was a comprehensive project that was to enable good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. Among them, India and Pakistan have decided to abandon the conflict of the past and focus on building lasting friendship, peace and cooperation between them. In addition to the withdrawal of troops and the return of prisoners from the 1971 war, the Simla Agreement was a model for India and Pakistan to maintain friendly and neighbourhood relations. As part of the agreement, the two warring countries promised to renounce conflicts and confrontations and strive for peace, friendship and cooperation. What were the main features of the Shimla Agreement that signed India and Pakistan after the 1971 war? Critics say the deal was a missed opportunity for India. How do you feel about that? Critical comment. In October, after a two-day meeting, the two countries issued the joint statement of Pakistan and India on 4 October. They recalled the results of previous discussions, which were expressed in the joint statements of 6 January 2004, 24 September 2004, 18 April 2005 and 14 September 2005. Ministers reiterated that options for a peaceful negotiated settlement of the Jammu and Kashmir issue should be considered in a sincere, focused and forward-looking manner, in order to decide not to obstruct the peace process through terrorism.
The two sides agreed on further details on bus routes between New Delhi and Lahore and on issues of the return of prisoners. The two ministers welcomed the signing of an agreement on the prior notification of ballistic missile tests and a Memorandum of Understanding (Memorandum of Understanding) establishing a communication link between the Pakistan Maritime Supervisory Authority and the Indian Coast Guard. If necessary, the technical details of the above measures should be developed by experts from both sides at meetings that will take place on mutually agreed dates by mid-1999, with a view to reaching bilateral agreements. The Lahore Declaration was a bilateral agreement and a government agreement between India and Pakistan. The treaty was signed on 21 February 1999, at the end of a historic summit in Lahore, and ratified the same year by the parliaments of both countries.  In 2001, Pervez Musharraf, then President of Pakistan, visited India on 14 and 16 July for a historic two-day summit in Agra at the invitation of Prime Minister Vajpayee. However, the talks failed and no text of agreement could be found. Leader around leaders, beyond the political divide, cited the 1972 Simla Agreement and the 1999 Lahore Declaration to stress that Kashmir is a bilateral matter. While Foreign Minister S Jaishankar said that the agreements signed between India and Pakistan between Simla and Lahore form the basis of a bilateral solution to all issues, Rahul Gandhi said that Prime Minister Modi had betrayed the agreements. Randeep Surjewala said no one dared break her.
SItaram Yechury, head of the ICC, wondered what this meant for India`s agreements with Pakistan. The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until the armed conflict, the last time during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot of 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable region of the Siachens Glacier, where the border was clearly not defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was considered too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan to be a violation of the Simla agreement.